Tiananmen Square, the largest city square of the world, is the symbol of China which attracts lots of tourists from China and the world every day. The enormous square facing the Gate of Heavenly Peace-Tiananmen- is the heart of modern China. During the centuries of the Qing Empire the square did not exist. There were originally buildings on either side of a central thoroughfare leading northwards to the entrance of the Imperial Palace.
Gradually cleared during the first half of the 20th century, this huge area, covering about 40 hectares (98 acres), has witnessed crucial developments in China’s history. A number of important political demonstrations took place there during the Republic. On 1 October 1949, Chairman Mao proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China from the rostrum of the Gate of Heavenly Peace.